Bartók, Béla Viktor János
Bennet, Richard Rodney
Bozza, Eugène Joseph
Dahl, Walter Ingolf Marcus
Del Tredici, David
Griffes, Charles Tomlinson
Guarnieri, Mozart Camargo
Hanson, Howard Harold
Hüe, Georges Adolphe
Jirák, Karel Boleslav
Kennan, Kent Wheeler
La Montaine, John
Williams, Ralph Vaughan
Ḥalil: Nocturne for Solo Flute, String orchestra and Percussion
Leonard Bernstein: Ḥalil: Nocturne for Solo Flute, String orchestra and Percussion was written in 1981. The composition was dedicated to a young Israeli flutist Yadin Tanenbaum who was killed at the Suez Canal during the 1973 Yom Kippur war. The work was premiered at the Sultan's Pool in Jerusalem on May 27, 1981 with Jean-Pierre Rampal as the soloist and Bernstein conducting the Israel Philharmonic.
Bernstein wrote this in the score:
"This work is dedicated 'To the spirit of Yadin and to his fallen brothers...
Ḥalil (the Hebrew word for 'flute') is formally unlike any other work I have written but is like much of my music in its struggle between tonal and non-tonal forces. In this case, I sense that struggle as involving wars and the threat of wars, the overwhelming desire to live, and the consolations of art, love and the hope for peace. It is a kind of night-music, which, from its opening 12-tone row to its ambiguously diatonic final cadence, is an ongoing conflict of nocturnal images: wish-dreams, nightmares, repose, sleeplessness, night-terrors and sleep itself, Death's twin brother. I never knew Yadin Tannenbaum, but I know his spirit"
Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo, John Neschling (conductor), 2009, BIS / Naxos
Miskolc Symphony Orchestra, Francois-Xavier Roth (conductor), 2013, Skarbo / Naxos
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein (conductor), 1982, Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
Leonard Bernstein (1918 – 1990) was an American conductor, composer, pianist, educator and author. Considered as one of the most important American conductors of all times, he was the first American maestro who led a major American orchestra – The New York Philharmonic.
As a composer he wrote in many genres but is mostly known as the author of the Broadway musical “West Side Story”. Other popular works include theatrical works “Candide”, “Wonderful Town”, “On the Town”, and the MASS.
He started to take piano lessons at the age of 10 and rapidly progressed, making his solo debut with Grieg’s Piano concerto with the Boston Public School orchestra at the age of 14. Orchestra. After his music studies at Harvard College he continued studies at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, and studied conducting with Serge Koussevitzky, the Music Director of the Boston Symphony orchestra. In 1940s he moved to New York where he made successful debut as a conductor with the New York Philharmonic in 1943. Since then his career took off, constantly appearing on national and international stages, as well as live broadcasts. 1950s was the most prolific period of his career during which he composed most of his operas and theatrical works. In 1957 he became the Music Director of the New York Philharmonic with which he made series of Young People’s Concerts on the CBS Television Network.
Overall he became the most awarded composer: the winner of numerous awards (17 Emmy’s; 16 Grammy’s 2 Tony’s etc.) and was acknowledged as a passionate advocate of music which he shared over national and international broadcasts.