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Romantic

Baroque

Classical

Romantic

20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

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Chopin Frédéric

Andersen, Joachim

Blahetka, Leopoldine

Boehm, Theobald

Bonis, Mel

Borne, François

Caplet, André

Chaminade, Cécile

Chopin, Frédéric

Danzi, Franz Ignaz

Demersseman, Jules-Auguste Edouard

Donizetti, Gaetano

Donjon, Johannes

Doppler, Albert Franz

Fauré, Gabriel

Frühling, Carl

Ganne, Louis

Godard, Benjamin

Grandval, Clémence

Hüe, Georges Adolphe

Kuhlau, Friedrich

Mendelssohn, Felix

Mercadante, Saverio

Molique, Wilhelm Bernhard

Mouquet, Jules

Périlhou, Albert

Reinecke, Carl Heinrich Carsten

Saint-Saëns, Camille

Schubert, Franz

Schumann, Robert

Sibelius, Jean

Strauss, Richard

Taffanel, Claude Paul

Tulou, Jean-Louis

Wagner, Siegfried

Widor, Charles Marie Jean Albert

Variations for flute and piano in E Major (B.9, Op A1, No 5)

Variations for flute and piano in E Major (B.9, Op A1, No 5)

By Chopin Frédéric

F. Chopin: Variations for flute and piano in E Major (Op A1, No 5) was composed in 1824, at the age of 14 to be performed by Chopin's father who was an amateur flutist. The Variations are based on "Non più mesta accanto al fuoco" theme from Rossini's opera "La Cenerentola" (Finale from the Act II) and represent typical variations for the period: each of the four variations is a decorated version of the original tune. In original aria Angelina (Cenerentola) bids farewell to her housekeeping duties at her stepfather's house. These variations survived just in one manuscript copy and were discovered and published only in 1953.

James Galway

National Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Gerhardt (conductor), 1978, BMG

Variations on a Theme by Rossini

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Maxence Larrieu

Susanna Mildonian (harp), 1984, Denon

Variations on a Theme by Rossini

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Marc Grauwels

Catherine Michel (harp), 1987, Marco-Polo

Variations on a Theme by Rossini

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Chopin Frédéric

Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) was a Polish pianist and composer. Considered as poetic genius of Romantic period, Chopin mostly composed for piano. He grew up in Warsaw where his father taught French at the Warsaw Lyceum, located in the Saxon Place, and where Chopin family resided during that time. Even though his father was French, young Frédéric was raised in a Polish speaking household. Since his father played flute and violin but his mother played piano, Frédéric was exposed to musical education as well. His first piano tutor was Wojciech Żywny and young boy rapidly progressed into a child prodigy. He composed his first polonaises for piano at age of 7. Later he studied composition with Józef Elsner at the Warsaw Conservatory and kept giving recitals, playing newly invented aelomelodicon – an instrument that combined features of piano and mechanical organ.
Chopin received a wider recognition in 1825, after the recital featuring his Rondo Op.1 given for Russian Tsar Alexander I. The Rondo became the first published work and was praised by foreign press. During his Conservatory years he attended numerous inspiring concerts. Thus, after listening Niccolò Paganini playing violin, Chopin composed variations Souvenir de Paganini, and composed his first Études for piano. Upon graduating from Conservatory and encouraged by success of his performances in Vienna, Chopin decided to leave Warsaw in 1830. Due to various circumstances, he finally settled in Paris next year. Shortly he established himself as one of the most demanded musicians. His compositions were regularly published providing him steady income. Since he disliked performing for large audiences and preferred more intimate salon performances the income from publishing his works was essential. The biggest audience he played in Paris was annual concert at the Salle Pleyel with three hundred  seats. He mostly preferred to play at his own apartment for some friends and invited guests.
In 1836 he met George Sand, a popular novelist at that time who gradually played various roles in his later years. During their on/off relationship she gradually moved from being lover to nurse when Chopin fell ill.  
Raised in classical music tradition, Chopin introduced new genres, suited for performing at salons: ballades, scherzos, preludes, études, mazurkas, polonaises, and nocturnes.