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21st century

Baroque

Classical

Romantic

20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

Bass flute

Desenne Paul

Connesson, Guillaume

Desenne, Paul

Ittzés, Gergely

Pärt, Arvo

Pattillo, Greg

Price, William Roger

Schwantner, Joseph

Sollberger, Harvey

Somma, Victor

Vasks, Pēteris

Woolf, Randall

Solo Flute Sonata

Solo Flute Sonata

By Desenne Paul

P. Desenne: Solo Flute Sonata was written in 2001 and was intended to portray a musical vision of the American Continent.
The Sonata was premiered at the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2002 by Javier Montilla.
The first movement "América, Divagación" was composed already in 1998 and is dedicated to the Venezuelan flutist Luis Julio Toro who recorded the whole Sonata in 2006. The composition contains three large-scale movements separated by interludes.

Javier Montilla:
"Desenne employs music quotation as a device to stimulate historical and social awareness in the audience. The first quotation, the son “America” from the Broadway musical West Side Story (music by Leonard Bernstein music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim), is about the confrontation between two cultures and love. Based on Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet”, West Side Story is set in a context where two rival
communities were clashed: the “Jets” (Americans) and the “Sharks” (first generation Americans of Puerto Rican descent), in the New York City of 1957. In “America” there is homesickness for the motherland left behind (Puerto Rico), with all the memorable things that it evokes; but there is also a justification for emigration from the island. Most important, Desenne invokes the delight in being America: “I like to be in America! O.K. by me in America! Everything free in America, for a small fee in America.” This issue of different worlds is implicit in the first musical quotation that Desenne uses in
the Solo Flute Sonata."

Desenne also quotes the theme music of the American television series "Mission Impossible". The music of this show was composed by the native Argentinean composer Lalo Schiffrin. The inclusion of this music has several meanings for Desenne.
In the first place, there is the highest level of confrontation when two super powers threaten each other with a capacity to destroy the whole planet. There is also a reference to a group of people who have the power to intervene in other countries by force and impose their own agenda. Somehow the capacity of this group to affect and change the course of political life in other countries is similar to the power enforced by American television as the most powerful media communicator in the modern world.
Desenne addresses folk and popular music of Latin America when he creates for the solo flute the sounds of the Venezuelan guasa and the Cuban son. Among all the types of Venezuelan folk music, Desenne has a special predilection for the guasa. Guasa means joke and the music of the traditional guasa always depicts and emphasizes the humorous and picaresque expression of the lyrics. On the other hand, the Cuban son has become one of the most influential genres in the Latin American and Caribbean area and its popularity is based upon its dance and festive character.

Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

1. América, Divagación

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

1. Interlude: Guasa Charcosa

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

2. Variaciones Imposibles sobre el Tema de “Misión Imposible”: Thema

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

Variaciones Imposibles 1

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

Variaciones Imposibles 2

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

Variaciones Imposibles 3

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

Variaciones Imposibles 4

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

Variaciones Imposibles 5

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

2. Interlude: Guasaranas II

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Luis Julio Toro

2006, Independent, ONErpm

3. Rancho Son

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Desenne Paul

Paul Desenne (1959 - 2023) was a Venezuelan-born composer with a unique compositional style often referred as "art music" that incorporates elements of Latin American folk, pop, and traditional music within the framework of the Western European tradition.
Born in Caracas in the family of a French medical doctor and an American professional astrologer young Paul was exposed to diverse types of music at home. His father was a fan of Baroque music as well as Indian music and Ravi Shankar. His mother admired American folk music, as well as Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, and Joan Baez. Besides playing drums and guitar in some school groups, Desenne didn't have any formal musical education. However, he pursued his musical studies and started to take cello and music theory lessons.
In 1974 he started to study composition with Iannis Ioannidis at the Universidad Metropolitana in Caracas. A year later he was able to attend the Latin American Contemporary Music Composition Course in Buenos Aires. In 1976 he moved to Paris where he studied cello and composition at the Conservatoire National de Région de Boulogne Billancourt and the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Paris.
There he gained a great deal of mastery in adapting and arranging music for the cello in different formats, and this mastery gave him the insight to create his first serious compositions for a unique mixed ensemble: flute, oboe, and English horn, violin, cello, and the Venezuelan cuatro.
In 1987 he moved back to Venezuela where he played with the Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra and taught the cello privately and at the Simón Bolívar Superior Conservatory of Music in Caracas.
In 1990 he left the orchestra and devoted his time to composing.
He was in high demand for composing chamber music works for various ensembles: Kremerata Baltica, the Nederlands Blasers Ensemble, and the Fodor Quintett of Amsterdam to name a few. Among his most popular works: a violin concerto "The Two Seasons" (20023) after Vivaldi’s Four Seasons, as well as a series of orchestra works: Sinfonia Burocratica ed Amazzonica (2004), La Furia y la sombra (Fury and the Shadow, 2005) etc.
Desenne’s aesthetic has been described as La Sopa (the soup) by Tulio Rondón in his dissertation “Cultural Hybridization in the Music of Paul Desenne" for how Desenne combines different ingredients: elements from the folk music of Spain, Colombia, and Brazil; indigenous music of Venezuela and Latin America; European music, such as Gregorian chants and baroque dances; as well as North American pop music.