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Classical

Baroque

Classical

Romantic

20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

Bass flute

Devienne François

Beethoven, Ludwig van

Devienne, François

Gluck, Christoph Willibald

Graf, Friedrich Hartmann

Grétry, André Ernest Modeste

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Hoffmeister, Franz Anton

Hummel, Johann Nepomuk

Jadin, Louis-Emmanuel

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

Müller, August Eberhard

Reicha, Josef

Romberg, Bernhard

Rosetti, Francesco Antonio

Schwindel, Friedrich

Stamitz, Anton

Stamitz, Carl Philipp

Concerto No 9 in E Minor for flute and orchestra

By Devienne François

F. Devienne flute concerto No. 9 in E minor most likely was written in the early 1790s and published in 1794, during times when he was writing his famous "Nouvelle méthode théorique et pratique pour la flute" (New flute method for the one-keyed flute) which was published in 1794. shortly before he was appointed professor position in the Paris Conservatoire in 1795.

After France became a republic in 1792, patriotic fervor was at a high pitch. Musicians were kept busy playing and parading in the regimental bands, in addition to writing and performing music for the great outdoor festivals that were so much a part of the revolution.
These festivals brought such great public admiration for the Garde nationale band that, as a consequence, wind instruments became very popular.

The Paris Conservatoire Nationale de Musique came into existence in 1795 during the French Revolution. It was formed by decree of the Convention nationale, the current national governing body, from the merger of two previously existing schools, the "Ecole royale de chant et declamation lyrique" and the "Institute Nationale de Musique".

The decree formulating the Conservatoire stated that there would be six flute professors among a total of 115 faculty members. Only five flute professors were specifically named--Francois Devienne, Antoine Hugot, Jacques Schneitzhoeffer, Johann Georg Wunderlich, and Nicholas Duverger. The most prominent of these first flute instructors was Francois Devienne, who in addition to holding teaching and performing responsibilities, was one of the four teachers appointed to serve on the administrative staff of the new school.

Devienne's reputation as a virtuoso flutist grew steadily after joining the Conservatoire faculty even though he continued to play bassoon in the Opera orchestra.

Andràs Adorjàn

Münchener Kammerorchester, Hans Stadlmair (conductor), 2014, Tudor / NAXOS

1. Allegro

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Andràs Adorjàn

Münchener Kammerorchester, Hans Stadlmair (conductor), 2014, Tudor / NAXOS

2. Adagio cantabile

00:00
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Andràs Adorjàn

Münchener Kammerorchester, Hans Stadlmair (conductor), 2014, Tudor / NAXOS

3. Allegretto con variazioni

00:00
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Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, 2017, NAXOS

1. Allegro

00:00
YouTube icon

Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, 2017, NAXOS

2. Adagio cantabile

00:00
YouTube icon

Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, 2017, NAXOS

3. Allegretto con variazioni

00:00
YouTube icon

Devienne François

François Devienne (1759-1803) was a French composer, bassoonist and flutist who during his lifetime became known as the "Mozart of the Flute". In 1974 Devienne published his method for the one-keyed flute which helped him to secure his professor position at the Paris Conservatoire in 1795. Devienne wrote mostly for wind instruments, including dozen flute concertos. 

Born in 1759 in Joinville, Haute-Marne in the Champagne-Ardenne, he received his earliest musical training from Morizot, the organist in Joinville. After spending several years of music studies from various teachers he took a bassoonist position in the orchestra of the Opéra in Paris in 1779. There he pursued flute studies with the orchestra’s principal flautist, Félix Rault to whom he later dedicated the last of his flute concertos.
From 1780 until 1785 he entered the service of Cardinal de Rohan as a chamber musician. Additionally, like many prominent musicians of the 18th-century, he joined the Freemasons, and some sources claim that most likely he became a member of the orchestra of the Loge Olympique during the 1780s in which he would have worked closely with its extraordinary leader, Joseph Boulogne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges.

On 24 December 1782 Devienne premiered as a flute soloist with "a new flute concerto", probably his Flute Concerto No. 1 in D major, at the Concert Spirituel.
From 1782 to 1785 Devienne appeared at the Concert Spirituel as a soloist on at least 18 occasions but after 3 April 1785 he did not perform there again for another four years. His place of employment during this period is uncertain but it is possible that he may have been at Versailles as a member of the Band of the Swiss Guards.

In the autumn of 1790 he joined the military band of the Paris National Guard where his duties included teaching music to the children of French soldiers. This organization officially became the Free School of Music of the National Guard in 1792 which in 1795 became the Paris Conservatoire.

As a result of his teaching experience at The Free School, Devienne wrote a method for the one-keyed flute that was published in 1794. This well-known work contains information on flute technique and performance practice as well as a series of flute duets of progressive difficulty. When the Paris Conservatoire was established the following year, Devienne was appointed one of its nine elected administrators and professor of flute. Five of his students won prizes at the Conservatoire between 1797 and 1801; and one of them, Joseph Guillou, was later appointed professor of flute as well.
Overall Devienne composed thirteen flute concertos.