Handel George Frideric
Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
Bach, Johann Sebastian
Handel, George Frideric
Leclair, Jean-Marie l'aîné
Müthel, Johann Gottfried
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
Platti, Giovanni Benedetto
Quantz, Johann Joachim
Telemann, Georg Philipp
Sonata for flute in E minor ("Halle No2", HWV 375)
G.F. Handel: Sonata for traverse flute and basso continuo in E minor ("Halle No2", HWV375) was first published in 1730. Even though there have been many disputes over authenticity of Handel sonatas (Handel's name most likely helped publishers sell more), eight of Handel sonatas have been published furthermore as Handel's own works. The so-called "Halle" sonatas have been considered as Handel's early works which were written during composer's youth in Halle.
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) was a German-born British composer who is known for his oratorios (Messiah), operas, instrumental compositions as well as occasional works (Water Music; Music for the Royal Fireworks).
Born in Halle (Germany) in the family of barber (at that time barbers were surgeons as well), young Frideric started music studies with composer F.W.Zachow. After short organist career at the Cathedral of Halle, Hendel moved to Hamburg, playing violin and harpsichord in the opera orchestra. Then he traveled Italy for 5 years, while composing numerous works (two operas, cantatas and oratorios) and meeting with Corelli, and Scarlatti.
In 1710, after a great success of his opera Agrippina in Venice, Handel accepted Kapellmeister position to the elector of Hanover, the future King George I of England. After opera’s Rinaldo triumphal success in London, he composed several operas and occasional works gaining popularity and prosperity to the point where he reconsidered his return to Germany.
In 1718 he was a appointed Director of Music to the duke of Chandos. In 1727 Handel became a British subject that let him to become a composer to the Chapel Royal, composing Coronation Anthems for George II as well as other now famous occasional compositions. Since opera in general and Italian opera in particular saw considerable decline in popularity in Great Britain (mostly by tremendous success of "Beggar’s Opera" by John Gay that mocked traditional opera) by 1730s, Handel mostly dedicated his time and efforts to compose oratorios. His oratorio "Messiah", premiered in 1742, made a profound impression, thus connecting Handel to new audience who saw higher moral ground in this music as opposed to entertaining music of traditional Italian style opera. Even though Handel is one of the leading composers of the late Baroque, in England he is considered as a classic composer, and indispensable part of national culture of Great Britain.