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20th century




20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire


Alto flute

Bass flute

Messiaen Olivier

Aitken, Robert

Arnold, Malcolm

Barber, Samuel

Bartók, Béla Viktor János

Beaser, Robert

Bennet, Richard Rodney

Berio, Luciano

Bernstein, Leonard

Bloch, Ernest

Bolling, Claude

Boulanger, Marie-Juliette

Bourdin, Roger

Bozza, Eugène Joseph

Brown, Elizabeth

Brun, Georges

Burton, Eldin

Büsser, Henri

Camus, Pierre

Carter, Elliott

Casella, Alfredo

Clarke, Ian

Colquhoun, Michael

Copland, Aaron

Corigliano, John

Dahl, Walter Ingolf Marcus

Damase, Jean-Michel

Davidovsky, Mario

Debussy, Claude

Del Tredici, David

Denisov, Edison

Dick, Robert

Dohnányi, Ernő

Dutilleux, Henri

Enescu, George

Feld, Jindřich

Ferroud, Pierre-Octave

Foote, Arthur

Foss, Lukas

Françaix, Jean

Fukushima, Kazuo

Gaubert, Philippe

Gieseking, Walter

Gordeli, Otar

Griffes, Charles Tomlinson

Grinblat, Romuald

Grovlez, Gabriel

Guarnieri, Mozart Camargo

Hanson, Howard Harold

Harsányi, Tibor

Harty, Hamilton

Heiss, John

Heith, David

Higdon, Jennifer

Hindemith, Paul

Honegger, Arthur

Hoover, Katherine

Hosokawa, Toshio

Hovhaness, Alan

Hüe, Georges Adolphe

Ibert, Jacques

Ichiyanagi, Toshi

Ittzés, Gergely

Jacob, Gordon

Jemnitz, Sándor

Jirák, Karel Boleslav

Jolivet, André

Karg-Elert, Sigfrid

Kennan, Kent Wheeler

Kornauth, Egon

La Montaine, John

Liebermann, Lowell

Martin, Frank

Martino, Donald

Martinů, Bohuslav

Messiaen, Olivier

Mihalovici, Marcel

Milhaud, Darius

Mouquet, Jules

Mower, Mike

Muczynski, Robert

Nielsen, Carl

Offermans, Wil

Piazzolla, Astor

Piston, Walter

Poulenc, Francis

Prokofiev, Sergey

Rachmaninoff, Sergei

Ran, Shulamit

Ravel, Maurice

Reynolds, Verne

Rivier, Jean

Rota, Nino

Roussel, Albert

Rutter, John

Saariaho, Kaija

Sancan, Pierre

Schulhoff, Erwin

Schwantner, Joseph

Sciarrino, Salvatore

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Sibelius, Jean

Tailleferre, Germaine

Takemitsu, Tōru

Taktakishvili, Otar

Varèse, Edgar

Vasks, Pēteris

Weigl, Vally

Weinberg, Mieczysław

Williams, Ralph Vaughan

Yun, Isang

Le Merle Noir for flute and piano

Le Merle Noir for flute and piano

By Messiaen Olivier

O. Messiaen: Le Merle Noir (The Blackbird) for flute and piano was written in 1952 as a competition piece for Conservatoire de Paris. The composition is based on the study of bird songs.

Peter-Lucas Graf

Michio Kobayashi (piano), 1977, Claves Records

Le merle noir

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Davide Formisano

Phillip Moll (piano), 2015, Universal

Le merle noir

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Juliette Hurel

Hélène Couvert (piano), 2001, Naïve / Believe SAS

Le merle noir

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Messiaen Olivier

Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992) was a French composer, organist and amateur ornithologist. Due to his passion for birds and Japanese music, his compositions have a rather specific style. His system "Modes of limited transposition" employs modes (there ar 7 Messiaen's modes) or scales of 12 sounds that fulfill specific criteria relating to their symmetry and the repetition of their interval groups.
Messiaen's music is rhythmically complex, and his works were influenced by his extensive geographical (e.g. Bryce Canyon) and philosophical travels (St. Francis of Assisi). Messiaen is known for his innovative use of color (he perceived colors as a certain musical chords), and the conception of the relationship between time and music as well.
Besides composing music, Messiaen was an organist at Église de la Sainte-Trinité in Paris where he held the post for more than sixty years.