Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus
Beethoven, Ludwig van
Gluck, Christoph Willibald
Graf, Friedrich Hartmann
Grétry, André Ernest Modeste
Haydn, Franz Joseph
Hoffmeister, Franz Anton
Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Müller, August Eberhard
Rosetti, Francesco Antonio
Stamitz, Carl Philipp
Andante for flute and orchestra in C Major (K 315/285e)
W.A. Mozart: Andante for flute and orchestra in C Major (K 315/285e) was composed in 1778. The flute concerto was composed on commission from Ferdinand De Jean, an amateur flutist from Holland as part of "two concertos and three quartets deal". The Andante for flute was composed as possible alternative for the second movement of Flute concerto No 1 in G Major (K 313/285c). Most likely that De Jean didn't like the second movement and Mozart composed this Andante as replacement. There's also a speculation that the Andante is a second movement of the third concerto commissioned by De Jean which was not composed due to financial disagreements.
Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner (conductor), 1989, Universal
Orchestre de chambre de Paris, Emmanuel Ceysson (conductor), 2016, Aparté
Royal Northern Sinfonia, Jaime Martín (conductor), 2016, Signum Records
Salzburg Soloists, 2008, Warner Music Group
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was an Austrian composer, considered as one of the most important classical composers along with Haydn and Beethoven. Born in Salzburg at the family of composer, violinist and music teacher Leopold Mozart, young boy received thorough musical education and soon became known as a child prodigy who toured Europe along with his sister Maria Anna (nicknamed Nannerl) and their father. At the age of 14, while touring in Milan, young Amadeus wrote opera “Mitridate, re di Porto” which was received very well and led to new commissions. Upon returning from Italy Mozart served as a court musician in Salzburg where he gained rapidly growing recognition as a composer. In 1778 he tried to find better employment opportunities in Paris, Manheim and Munich while kept writing numerous works. One of them was Concerto for Flute and Harp in C major. After rather short and reluctant return to Salzburg, Mozart was summoned to Vienna by his employer archbishop Colloredo and got a chance to meet with emperor Joseph II who initially supported him with part-time employment and various commissions.
After starting his freelance career in Vienna in 1781 he became known as the best keyboard player in Vienna. Additionally, his opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio) was a great success leading to rather luxurious lifestyle which he couldn’t maintain. His growing interest in opera produced his two most known operas The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni. Due to Austro-Turkish war the possibility to perform or get new commissions shrunk and Mozart’s financial situation worsened. He started borrowing money and suffered from depression. During his last years he composed his last three of his symphonies as well as opera buffa Cosi Fan tutte (All Women Do It). During his last year (1791) he managed to compose opera The Magic Flute and the Requiem.
Mozart’s music had a great influence on many composers, including Beethoven, Reger, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky.