This website is using cookies. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Find out more.

Classical

Baroque

Classical

Romantic

20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

Bass flute

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

Beethoven, Ludwig van

Devienne, François

Gluck, Christoph Willibald

Graf, Friedrich Hartmann

Grétry, André Ernest Modeste

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Hoffmeister, Franz Anton

Hummel, Johann Nepomuk

Jadin, Louis-Emmanuel

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

Müller, August Eberhard

Reicha, Josef

Romberg, Bernhard

Rosetti, Francesco Antonio

Schwindel, Friedrich

Stamitz, Anton

Stamitz, Carl Philipp

Concerto for flute and orchestra in G Major, No 1 (K 313/285c)

By Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

W.A.Mozart flute concerto in G Major (K 314/285d) was composed in early 1778 during his stay in Mannheim.
During that winter Wolfgang was on a tour for the first time without his father, Leopold. However, his mother was with him, pursuing luck in finding a post for a young composer at the electoral court in Mannheim or in Paris later that year.
While in Mannheim, young Mozart met local orchestra's flutist, Johann Baptist Wendling who introduced him to the Ferdinand De Jean, the surgeon with the Dutch East India Company and amateur flutist who commissioned him to compose "three short, simple concertos and a couple of quartets for the flute".
From this commission came two flute concertos: in G and D Major, as well as a pair of quartets for flute and strings. The third concerto was never written.
Only G Major concerto could be considered as an original composition since the D major concerto as it turned out later was a reworking of his Oboe Concerto. Obviously, Mozart did this to quickly supply at least two of the three concertos to fulfill his obligations.
However, Ferdinand de Jean was dissatisfied and left for Paris after paid him less than half the fee they agreed upon since Mozart didn't deliver "three short, simple concertos". Perhaps these concertos were too long and too technically challenging for an amateur flutist.
Additionally, it's worth to know the circumstances under which 22 years old Mozart composed these Concertos, as he wrote to his father:
"I never have a single quiet hour here. I can only compose at night. Besides, I'm not always in the mood for working... You know that I become quite powerless whenever I am obliged to write for an instrument which I cannot bear."
Mozart's attitude towards flute as an instrument most likely was formed due its popularity among mediocre amateurs and dilettantes at that time, as Joseph Frank narrates in his Reminiscences (Prutz, Deutch. Mus., II., p.28.): "Once when we were talking of instruments, Mozart said that he detested the harp and the flute". Most likely it was stated the same year, months later in Paris, when receiving commission to write a concerto for flute and harp from the Due de Guines, amateur flutist and his daughter who played harp. 

Since autograph edition is absent, the first known published edition is dated 1803. 

Samuel Coles

English Chamber Orchestra, Yehudi Menuhin (conductor), 2005, Warner Classics

1. Allegro maestoso, 2. Adagio, 3. Rondo

00:00
YouTube icon

Emmanuel Pahud

Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado (conductor), 1997, Warner Classics

1. Allegro maestoso

00:00
YouTube icon

Emmanuel Pahud

Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado (conductor), 1997, Warner Classics

2. Adagio ma non troppo

00:00
YouTube icon

Emmanuel Pahud

Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado (conductor), 1997, Warner Classics

3. Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

00:00
YouTube icon

Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, Katarina Andreasson (conductor), 2003, NAXOS

1. Allegro maestoso

00:00
YouTube icon

Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, Katarina Andreasson (conductor), 2003, NAXOS

2. Adagio ma non troppo

00:00
YouTube icon

Patrick Gallois

Swedish Chamber Orchestra, Katarina Andreasson (conductor), 2003, NAXOS

3. Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

00:00
YouTube icon

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was an Austrian composer, considered as one of the most important classical composers along with Haydn and Beethoven. Born in Salzburg at the family of composer, violinist and music teacher Leopold Mozart, young boy received thorough musical education and soon became known as a child prodigy who toured Europe along with his sister Maria Anna (nicknamed Nannerl) and their father. At the age of 14, while touring in Milan, young Amadeus wrote opera “Mitridate, re di Porto” which was received very well and led to new commissions. Upon returning from Italy Mozart served as a court musician in Salzburg where he gained rapidly growing recognition as a composer. In 1778 he tried to find better employment opportunities in Paris, Manheim and Munich while kept writing numerous works. One of them was Concerto for Flute and Harp in C major. After rather short and reluctant return to Salzburg, Mozart was summoned to Vienna by his employer archbishop Colloredo and got a chance to meet with emperor Joseph II who initially supported him with part-time employment and various commissions.

After starting his freelance career in Vienna in 1781 he became known as the best keyboard player in Vienna. Additionally, his opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio) was a great success leading to rather luxurious lifestyle which he couldn’t maintain. His growing interest in opera produced his two most known operas The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni. Due to Austro-Turkish war the possibility to perform or get new commissions shrunk and Mozart’s financial situation worsened. He started borrowing money and suffered from depression. During his last years he composed his last three of his symphonies as well as opera buffa Cosi Fan tutte (All Women Do It). During his last year (1791) he managed to compose opera The Magic Flute and the Requiem.
Mozart’s music had a great influence on many composers, including Beethoven, Reger, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky.