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Classical

Baroque

Classical

Romantic

20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

Bass flute

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

Beethoven, Ludwig van

Devienne, François

Gluck, Christoph Willibald

Graf, Friedrich Hartmann

Grétry, André Ernest Modeste

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Hoffmeister, Franz Anton

Hummel, Johann Nepomuk

Jadin, Louis-Emmanuel

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

Müller, August Eberhard

Reicha, Josef

Romberg, Bernhard

Rosetti, Francesco Antonio

Schwindel, Friedrich

Stamitz, Anton

Stamitz, Carl Philipp

Rondo for flute and orchestra in D Major (K 373)

By Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

W.A. Mozart: Rondo for flute and orchestra in D Major (K 184) was composed in 1781. Originally it was composed for violin and orchestra (K 373) and written for Italian violinist Antonio Brunetti, to be performed for Archbishop Colloredo who hosted Mozart and Brunetti on their visit to Vienna. The archbishop didn't permit Mozart to give concerts of his own in fear to expose Mozart to some wealthy Viennese aristocrat, making him to leave Salzburg. Most likely that attitude ignited Mozart's desire even more to leave his hometown. Mozart resigned from his service shortly after coming back to Salzburg and returned to Vienna later that year to stay there permanently.

James Galway

Chamber orchestra of Europe, 1988, RCA / Sony

Rondo

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Juliette Bausor

Royal Northern Sinfonia, Jaime Martín (conductor), 2016, Signum Records

Rondo

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Jean-Pierre Rampal

Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta (conductor), 1989, Sony Classical

Rondo

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Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was an Austrian composer, considered as one of the most important classical composers along with Haydn and Beethoven. Born in Salzburg at the family of composer, violinist and music teacher Leopold Mozart, young boy received thorough musical education and soon became known as a child prodigy who toured Europe along with his sister Maria Anna (nicknamed Nannerl) and their father. At the age of 14, while touring in Milan, young Amadeus wrote opera “Mitridate, re di Porto” which was received very well and led to new commissions. Upon returning from Italy Mozart served as a court musician in Salzburg where he gained rapidly growing recognition as a composer. In 1778 he tried to find better employment opportunities in Paris, Manheim and Munich while kept writing numerous works. One of them was Concerto for Flute and Harp in C major. After rather short and reluctant return to Salzburg, Mozart was summoned to Vienna by his employer archbishop Colloredo and got a chance to meet with emperor Joseph II who initially supported him with part-time employment and various commissions.

After starting his freelance career in Vienna in 1781 he became known as the best keyboard player in Vienna. Additionally, his opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio) was a great success leading to rather luxurious lifestyle which he couldn’t maintain. His growing interest in opera produced his two most known operas The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni. Due to Austro-Turkish war the possibility to perform or get new commissions shrunk and Mozart’s financial situation worsened. He started borrowing money and suffered from depression. During his last years he composed his last three of his symphonies as well as opera buffa Cosi Fan tutte (All Women Do It). During his last year (1791) he managed to compose opera The Magic Flute and the Requiem.
Mozart’s music had a great influence on many composers, including Beethoven, Reger, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky.