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20th century

Baroque

Classical

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20th century

21st century

Solo repertoire

Piccolo

Alto flute

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Poulenc Francis

Aitken, Robert

Arnold, Malcolm

Barber, Samuel

Bartók, Béla Viktor János

Beaser, Robert

Bennet, Richard Rodney

Berio, Luciano

Bernstein, Leonard

Bloch, Ernest

Bolling, Claude

Boulanger, Marie-Juliette

Bourdin, Roger

Bozza, Eugène Joseph

Brown, Elizabeth

Brun, Georges

Burton, Eldin

Büsser, Henri

Camus, Pierre

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Casella, Alfredo

Clarke, Ian

Colquhoun, Michael

Copland, Aaron

Corigliano, John

Dahl, Walter Ingolf Marcus

Damase, Jean-Michel

Davidovsky, Mario

Debussy, Claude

Del Tredici, David

Denisov, Edison

Dick, Robert

Dohnányi, Ernő

Dutilleux, Henri

Enescu, George

Feld, Jindřich

Ferroud, Pierre-Octave

Foote, Arthur

Foss, Lukas

Françaix, Jean

Fukushima, Kazuo

Gaubert, Philippe

Gieseking, Walter

Gordeli, Otar

Griffes, Charles Tomlinson

Grinblat, Romuald

Grovlez, Gabriel

Guarnieri, Mozart Camargo

Hanson, Howard Harold

Harsányi, Tibor

Harty, Hamilton

Heiss, John

Heith, David

Higdon, Jennifer

Hindemith, Paul

Honegger, Arthur

Hoover, Katherine

Hosokawa, Toshio

Hovhaness, Alan

Hüe, Georges Adolphe

Ibert, Jacques

Ichiyanagi, Toshi

Ittzés, Gergely

Jacob, Gordon

Jemnitz, Sándor

Jirák, Karel Boleslav

Jolivet, André

Karg-Elert, Sigfrid

Kennan, Kent Wheeler

Kornauth, Egon

La Montaine, John

Liebermann, Lowell

Martin, Frank

Martino, Donald

Martinů, Bohuslav

Messiaen, Olivier

Mihalovici, Marcel

Milhaud, Darius

Mouquet, Jules

Mower, Mike

Muczynski, Robert

Nielsen, Carl

Offermans, Wil

Piazzolla, Astor

Piston, Walter

Poulenc, Francis

Prokofiev, Sergey

Rachmaninoff, Sergei

Ran, Shulamit

Ravel, Maurice

Reynolds, Verne

Rivier, Jean

Rota, Nino

Roussel, Albert

Rutter, John

Saariaho, Kaija

Sancan, Pierre

Schulhoff, Erwin

Schwantner, Joseph

Sciarrino, Salvatore

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Sibelius, Jean

Tailleferre, Germaine

Takemitsu, Tōru

Taktakishvili, Otar

Varèse, Edgar

Vasks, Pēteris

Weigl, Vally

Weinberg, Mieczysław

Williams, Ralph Vaughan

Yun, Isang

Un Joueur de flûte berce les ruines

By Poulenc Francis

F.Poulenc: Un Joueur de flûte berce les ruines (A flute player lullabies the ruins). The overall assumption is that it was written in 1942 during the Germain occupation of France. The title of the solo carries an unidentified reference to the "serenading" of ruins.
This is a very short, modal, sensitive, and meditative piece that was discovered only in 1997 by Ransom Wilson when he asked to see the manuscript that had recently arrived at Yale University’s Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. The composition was published in 2000 by Chester and premiered by Ransom Wilson the same year.

The first reference to the piece was found in Carl Schmidt's catalog "The Music of Francis Poulenc" (1995) which included an entry on the flute solo (1995:323). The entry indicates that the solo was composed in 1940, as part of an album "Ruins de Tours". The composition refers to a very specific event that occurred between 16 and 20 June 1940.

"French forces positioned themselves in the Tours Municipal Library on the evening of June 16, broke fire on advancing German forces on the morning of the 17th, and were answered with a devastating German bombardment of Tours. A raging wind blew and the town was in flames for three days. Scraps of incinerated paper from the library’s historical manuscripts and books were found 43 kilometers away.
Poulenc wrote a brief solo to sound his personal and communal feelings of loss at this destruction. The lullaby or serenade, had somehow made its way onto Marie Thérèse Mabille’s album."
Daniel Schweitz (2009)
Jean-Michel Gorry, a Tourian historian and musician, notes that the 1940 album consisted of 13 plates engraved on wood and that the Poulenc solo is engraved on one of them. Interestingly Poulenc was a soldier at that time (2 June - 18 July 1940), served in an anti-aircraft unit at Bordeaux.
Source: Marietjie Pauw, Dr EM Pauw, Africa Open – Institute for Music, Research and Innovation, Stellenbosch University.

Vincent Lucas

Vincent Lucas, 2009, indeSENS

Un Joueur de flûte berce les ruines

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Poulenc Francis

Francis Poulenc (1899 - 1963) was a French composer and pianist. Born in a family of a wealthy manufacturer, he started to play piano at the age of five and was denied further musical studies at the Paris Conservatory by his father when he turned 14. Only after his death Francis was able to follow his dream to become a musician, greatly encouraged and influenced by his piano teacher Ricardo Viñes.

Eric Satie introduced him to a group of young composers which collectively became known as Les Six (Milhaud, Poulenc, Auric, Durey, Tailleferre and Honegger). Due to his bright nature, Poulenc acquired reputation as humorous, lightweight composer, even though he managed to compose such profound works as monodrama La voix humaine (Human voice) and opera Dialogues des Carmélites, which was premiered in Paris only three days after the premiere of his Flute Sonata.