Telemann Georg Philipp
Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
Bach, Johann Sebastian
Handel, George Frideric
Leclair, Jean-Marie l'aîné
Müthel, Johann Gottfried
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
Platti, Giovanni Benedetto
Quantz, Johann Joachim
Telemann, Georg Philipp
Fantasia No 4 for solo flute in B-flat Major (TWV 40:5)
G.P. Telemann: 12 Fantasies for flute solo were composed in 1727 and made big influence on flute repertoire not only in the first part of the eighteen century. Some movements include seemingly impossible features for the flute at that time: fugues, French overture and passacaglia.
2020. Austrian Gramophone
Fantasia No. 4 in B-flat Major
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767) was one of the most prolific German composers of all times. From over 3000 compositions he produced, almost half have been lost. He was highly regarded by composers of his time: J.S.Bach and Handel studied his published compositions, and his music was popular across all Europe.
Telemann was born in Magdeburg and became musician despite his mother’s pressure to become a lawyer. Instead, he became a professional musician, regularly composing for Leipzig’s main venues: St.Nicolas Church and St.Thomas.
In 1706 he entered the service of Duke Johann Wilhelm in Eisenach, the native town of J.S.Bach. After his wife’s death in 1711, Telemann moved to Frankfurt and became Kapellmeister at the St.Catherine’s Church and remarried three years later.
In 1721 he moved to Hamburg, accepting invitation to work as Kantor of city’s five largest churches. His wife’s gambling debts almost let him into bankruptcy, but he managed to come through due to his successful music and poetry publications. After his separation from the wife, he dedicated more time to theoretical studies and gardening, a hobby shared by Handel as well.
Telemann’s music greatly influenced composers of late Baroque and early Classical styles. Starting from 1710s he represented so-called German mixed style which combined German, French, Italian and Polish styles of that time.