Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel
Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
Bach, Johann Sebastian
Handel, George Frideric
Leclair, Jean-Marie l'aîné
Müthel, Johann Gottfried
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
Platti, Giovanni Benedetto
Quantz, Johann Joachim
Telemann, Georg Philipp
Concerto in A Major for flute and keyboard (Wq. 168, H 438)
C.P.E. Bach: Concerto for flute in A Major (Wq 168, H 438) was written in 1753, when Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was employed as a court harpsichordist for Prussian King Friedrich II. Originally the concerto was written for harpsichord. Later that year it was arranged for the flute and for the cello. The concerto is considered as one of six Bach C.P.E. concertos for flute known today.
The concerto is scored for solo flute, strings, and continuo (usually harpsichord). It follows the traditional three-movement structure: fast and lively Allegro, showcasing the virtuosic abilities of the flute in the first movement is followed by slow and expressively intimate Largo con sordini (slow and with mutes) in the second one. The final Allegro assai demonstrates flute's agility soloist’s technical capabilities.
Netherlands Chamber Orchestra, David Zinman (conductor).
1. Allegro; 2. Largo con sordini, mesto; 3. Allegro assai
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788) was a German composer, son of J.S.Bach and godson of G.P.Telemann. C.P.E. Bach’s “sensitive style” (empfindsamer Still) marked a transition between baroque and classical style, applying principles of rhetoric and drama to musical structures. C.P.E. Bach was known as “Berlin Bach” to differenced himself from his brother J.C.Bach who was known as “London Bach”. Besides composing, C.P.E.Bach wrote “Essay on the true art of playing keyboard instruments”, thus greatly influencing upbringing of the greatest classical composers: Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.